Middle East - Alerts - 2012
While new figures show a slight decrease in the number of attacks against journalists and media organisations, the status of media freedoms in the occupied Palestinian territories remains under serious threat.
Police arrested demonstrators and used tear gas and stun grenades to suppress peaceful protests erupting in various Bahraini villages.
The headquarters of a state TV station was bombed, and a TV presenter was kidnapped and executed.
The activist was protesting alone at a roundabout despite her leg being in a cast from a previous assault.
Three of the journalists were hit by sniper fire while the other two were struck by shrapnel from a shell that exploded nearby.
PEN International continues to call for all charges against Nargess Mohammadi to be quashed
Wael Qaston had been detained in a prison affiliated with the security branches in Hams.
Ghazwan Anas' shooting was probably a politically-motivated reprisal of the kind that sends a signal to all journalists, according to RSF.
The activists have been accused of being foreign countries' agents and of threatening the security of the country.
Fatima Khaled Saad was rushed to Latakia military hospital after being mistreated during a lengthy interrogation by intelligence officers.
"A theater should be able to offer critical and provocative work without fearing that its staff will be arrested and abused," said Human Rights Watch.
Yemen is the third Arab country to pass a law that addresses this human right.
Photographers Muhamed El-Habsi, Abdullah-El-Erimiand Abdul-bin-Salem El-Siabi were sentenced to one year imprisonment for insulting the Sultan and violating the information law.
A member of the Local Coordination Committee in Homs, Salim Qabbani has made regular appearances on news broadcasts, such as Al-Jazeera.
Falah Taha was killed while covering ongoing clashes between government forces and the Free Syrian Army in the capital, Damascus.
Authorities were urged to end the crackdown immediately, and release all activists detained for exercising their rights to free expression.
Israeli security services insisted that four Palestinian journalists undergo degrading strip searches before covering the visit by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to Jerusalem.
If convicted, Ra'if Badawi faces up to five years in prison and a fine of up to US$800,000.
Ahmed Abd al-Khaleq is one of a group of activists who had been jailed from April to November 2011 for peacefully advocating democratic reforms.
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The activists have described details of the torture inflicted upon them to force confessions, and they have named the officials involved in torturing them including the son of the king, Nasser Bin Hamad.