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Gallery: The Arab Spring uprisings through the eyes of citizen journalists

On the second anniversary of the Arab Spring uprisings, IFEX teams up with the freelance network Demotix to showcase the instrumental work of citizen photojournalists

Citizen journalists are not professional journalists, but they have been at the forefront of documenting the Arab Spring uprisings – often in response to shortcomings in the mainstream, government-controlled media.

For instance, in Syria, the most dangerous place in the world for the press, local journalists have been effectively shut down through threats and other forms of intimidation, while access has been difficult for the international media. Just this week, as we go to publish this gallery, The Sunday Times told a British war photographer not to submit his pictures from the Syria war zone because the paper does "not wish to encourage freelancers to take exceptional risks."

Enter the Syrian citizen journalist, filling the gap – often at enormous personal risk – and becoming the main source of news and information coming out of a country in crisis.

On the second anniversary of the uprisings, IFEX has teamed up with Demotix, a network for freelance journalists, to recognise the photography of some of these citizen journalists. Where we have information about the photographer, we have provided it in the captions. Many of them have asked to remain anonymous, often for safety reasons.

Please note: the text relating to the photos is based on the raw text submitted by the photojournalist, and has not been verified. For additional images by the photographer, click on the photographer's name in the credit.

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