North Africa - Articles
Social media was one of the driving forces behind the 2011 revolution in Egypt, yet today, Alaa Abd El Fattah, blogger, software designer, and an icon of Egypt’s digital revolution, is behind bars.
Yara Sallam, an Egyptian human rights lawyer and feminist, spent over a year in prison under the draconian protest law – a law that is being used to jail and restrain activists such as her, and which she had been researching when she was arrested.
Rights-focused independent civil society groups are more important now than ever to Egyptian society. And yet, although their independence is guaranteed in the constitution, the current government has been employing every tool at its disposal to silence them.
Following the January 2011 revolution, Egyptian universities were making great gains in the fight for academic freedom and independence. Today, under the pretence of combatting terrorism, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's government has cracked down hard on university campuses — the last refuges for debate and dissent.
Alaa Abdel Fattah is an Egyptian blogger, software developer, and an iconic symbol of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Activism runs in his family. Unfortunately, so does imprisonment.
Imprisoned activists across Egypt are going on hunger strikes to protest being deprived of their basic rights.
At the core of new initiatives against sexual assault in Egypt is a drive to create a safe space for women to ensure their participation in society and politics, says Sarah El Sirgany.
Milestones in the IFEX Tunisia Monitoring Group campaign since its inception in 2004.
Back in 2005, 13 members came together as the IFEX Tunisia Monitoring Group (IFEX-TMG) to highlight serious violations of free expression, including rampant Internet censorship in Tunisia as it...
As four human rights defenders are brought to trial on charges of "inciting an unarmed gathering," and another is sent to jail, the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) and other rights groups express alarm about the increasing crackdown on human rights defenders in the aftermath of the amendments to the law on associations in December 2011.
This past week, Egypt's 30-year-old emergency law expired and former President Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for failing to stop the killing of protesters during Egypt's uprising. Yet the future for free expression in Egypt remains in doubt, say the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) and other IFEX members.
One of Morocco's most famous rappers and activists was handed a one-year jail sentence on 11 May for "insulting the police" through a video, report the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), Human Rights Watch and Freedom House.
Human Rights Watch and Reporters Without Borders (RSF) are urging Libya's interim government to repeal a broad new law that bans criticising last year's revolution and spreading false news or "propaganda" that endangers the state.
Security forces marked Martyr's Day on 9 April in Tunisia by dispersing thousands of protesters - including more than a dozen journalists - with tear gas and truncheons. It is just the latest sign that despite Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali being the first dictator to fall in the Arab uprisings, old-style free expression violations continue, reports the IFEX Tunisia Monitoring Group (IFEX-TMG), a coalition of 21 IFEX members.
Egyptian security forces last week launched unprecedented armed raids on a series of high profile human rights and pro-democracy organisations, including the Cairo branch of IFEX member Freedom House, report the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR), the Arabic Network of Human Rights Information (ANHRI) and Freedom House.
Almost a year after the overthrow of President Ben Ali, the free expression field is in a state of "malaise" due to decades of censorship and repression, said members of the IFEX Tunisia Monitoring Group (IFEX-TMG). Meeting in Tunis last week to discuss the free expression landscape in the new Tunisia, IFEX-TMG members came up with a slew of recommendations that could help the country move forward.
A culture of fear and chaos permeated Egypt ahead of the elections, with street protests erupting in terrifying military violence, including the deaths of around 40 protesters and injuries of thousands of unarmed civilians, report the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) and other IFEX members.
With 90 per cent of eligible voters in Tunisia participating in a free election for the first time in 55 years on 23 October, IFEX members are calling for numerous reforms and political commitments to nurture this great yearning for democracy. Violent attacks on a Tunis TV station earlier this month have hit home the need for security, legal reform and educational campaigns.
The repercussions are still being felt after what has been called "Egypt's Bloody Sunday", when army forces and mobs in Cairo that were rallied by government TV stations killed at least 25 protesters, including one journalist and one blogger, report IFEX members. The members point to larger frustrations about insecurity in Egypt, with civil society calling for the transitional government to restore the rule of law and hand over power as the country heads to elections on 28 November.
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21 September 2011 | Egypt
Despite the change promised by the revolution, Egypt's transitional government, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), continues to employ excessive force and repressive laws against those who share information and opinions and who take part in peaceful demonstrations, leading three IFEX members in the country to liken it to the Mubarak regime.