Use of Kurdish banned in Turkish trial of 44 journalists
Reporters Without Borders, which attended the hearing, reiterates its call for the release of the 34 defendants who are still detained – and have been since 20 December 2011 – and for them to be given interpreters and allowed to testify in Kurdish.
"The right to a fair trial includes the right to use one's own language in court," Reporters Without Borders said. "Article 6.3 of the European Convention on Human rights says that 'everyone charged with a criminal offence' has the right to 'the free assistance of an interpreter if he cannot understand or speak the language used in court.'
"By ignoring this right and systematically abusing provisions for preventive detention, Turkey is yet again violating its international
obligations. This refusal can only exacerbate the already existing tension, which is far from conducive to the dispassionate atmosphere in which trials should be conducted.
"It is with hope that we greet the bill that the ruling AKP party submitted last night, which envisages the possibility for defendants to use their native language. But, as the KCK trial shows, turning this possibility intoa reality is a matter of the utmost urgency."
Yesterday's hearing began with a roll-call of the defendants, to which each of them replied "Az livir im" ("Present" In Kurdish). When addresses were verified, the journalists Fatma Koçak, Nilgün Yildiz and Semiha Alankus refused to speak in Turkish and, speaking in Kurdish, requested interpreters. Not understanding, presiding judge Ali Alçik asked them to sit down.
The judge then refused to allow one of the defendants, Kenan Kirkaya, the Ankara representative of the DIHA (Tiger) news agency, to address the court about the declining health of his colleagues who are on hunger strike.
Kirkaya just had time to say the hunger strikers were demanding the right to use their own language in court before being expelled by the judge on the grounds that "hunger strikes are irrelevant." All but one of the defendants then left the court in protest.
All of the 44 defendants have joined the hunger strike in recent weeks. The condition of at least three of them is now very worrying. Reporters Without Borders reiterates its concern about their health and their survival, and appeals again to all sides to begin a dialogue in order to avoid the worst.
Despite last July's law reform, under which judges are encouraged to use alternative control methods to preventive detention, 34 of the defendants – who work for DIHA, Özgür Gündem (Free Agenda), Azadiya Welat (Free Country) and Demokrat Modernite (Democratic Modernity) – have been held for nearly 11 months although the trial has only just begun.
Yesterday's hearing was attended by a European parliamentary delegation consisting of the chair of the EU-Turkey parliamentary delegation, Hélène Flautre, and the Polish MEP Jaroslaw Walesa.
Those attending also included Turkish Press Council representatives Orhan Birgit and Turgut Kazan, parliamentary representatives of the Kurdish party BDP, and local representatives of Human Rights Watch and Reporters Without Borders.
Several of the defence lawyers such as Ercan Kanar and Rusen Mahmutoglu urged the court to dismiss the case if it was unable to make any headway.
"You will not succeed in establishing order in the courtroom by force," Kanar said. "A trial cannot be held under the shadow of firearms. Our clients are on [hunger] strike to defend their universal rights. You cannot even bear to listen to them. They are approaching death but no step has been taken by the authorities."
Judge Alçik said he would listen to no one and intended to proceed with the reading of the 800-page indictment. As announced, reading of the indictment began after all the defendants and lawyers had left the courtroom except Vatan reporter Cagdas Ulus and his lawyer.
Reading of the indictment continued today.