Western Europe - Articles
The 6 February 2015 decision marked the first time in its 15-year history that the only UK court empowered to oversee GHCQ, MI5 and MI6 has ruled against the intelligence and security services.
Why some free expression advocates think David Cameron's royal charter deal on press regulation threatens free expression in the U.K.
IFEX lays out the main recommendations of the Leveson Report into the culture, practice and ethics of the U.K. press, and why some free expression advocates think they might constrain press freedom.
Too often, the "Communiqué" has covered cases where journalists and others have been convicted via laws that offer powerful and privileged people special protection from criticism. Think of...
Thanks largely to Index on Censorship's libel reform campaign, the government will introduce a law "to protect freedom of speech and reform the law of defamation" in the next parliament.
IFEX's guide to the government's plan to introduce more monitoring of people's emails, phone calls and web usage in the U.K. - and what it means for free expression.
A dissident Cuban journalist who was released last year and forced into exile has committed suicide, report the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
Ethiopia sentenced two Swedish journalists to 11 years in jail last week on charges of supporting terrorism after the pair illegally entered the country with a Somali rebel group, report IFEX's international members. Photojournalist Johan Persson and reporter Martin Schibbye were arrested by Ethiopian security forces in July during a gunfight between Ethiopian soldiers and rebels in the no-go region of Ogaden, and were put on trial in October.
The office of a satirical French weekly was firebombed just before an edition that pokes fun at Islamists was due for release, report IFEX members. At 1am on 2 November, unidentified attackers threw a Molotov cocktail through a window of the "Charlie Hebdo" offices, acting on rumours about the issue.
After threatening to use the retrograde Official Secrets Act to force a "Guardian" journalist to reveal her sources in the phone hacking scandal, the Metropolitan Police is holding a closed-door meeting with members of parliament to explain the move, report Index on Censorship and the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
Journalists covering anti-corruption protests as well as demonstrations against Pope Benedict's four-day visit to Madrid have been met with police violence, reports the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
On the heels of riots in England this month, Prime Minister David Cameron's government is looking at banning the use of social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook in order to stop suspected rioters from sharing online messages to foment violence. Cameron has also called on broadcasters to hand over unused footage of the riots to police. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Reporters Without Borders (RSF) warn that censorship does not prevent social unrest, and that sharing personal data with police is a disturbing precedent.
Last week, U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron announced not one but two inquiries into the phone hacking scandal. While IFEX members Index on Censorship, the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) and the International Press Institute (IPI) welcomed the inquiries, they warn that the fallout from the scandal raises wider questions about media ethics, press regulations and the relationship between politicians and journalists.
Exactly 18 months after they were abducted in northeastern Afghanistan, French journalists Hervé Ghesquière and Stéphane Taponier and their Afghan interpreter have been released, say Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and news reports.
Hamas officials have found the body of an Italian journalist and activist who was kidnapped last week in Gaza, report the Palestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms (MADA) and the International Press Institute (IPI). Vittorio Arrigoni was affiliated with the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), a pro-Palestinian rights group, and reported on Palestinian issues for the Italian newspaper "Il Manifesto" and online paper Peacereporter, and also wrote a blog.
The U.K.'s coalition government has promised sweeping changes to England's much-criticised libel laws, paying tribute to Index on Censorship's libel reform campaign which has "led the debate on this issue for so long."
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's ownership of Italy's most powerful private broadcasting company - and willingness to use his power to influence the country's public broadcaster - are severe blows to the diversity of Italy's television news, the International Press Institute (IPI) found on a recent press freedom mission to the country.
Journalists across Italy refused to work on 8 July to protest a wiretapping bill that bans reporting on judicial investigations, say the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) and Index on Censorship. Criticism of the law has also come from outside Italy's borders.
On the cutting edge of press freedom, Iceland's parliament has approved a resolution known as the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (IMMI) to protect journalists and their sources, and shield reporters from foreign libel judgments, report Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and Freedom House.
Despite massive protest from both independent Italian journalists and those close to Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, the Italian Senate approved a gag law on phone taps on 10 June. The "legge bavaglio" criminalises journalists found guilty of publishing the contents of phone taps, serving them with huge fines and harsh prison terms, report Index on Censorship and the International Press Institute (IPI). The law limits journalists' ability to provide vital information to the public.