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Journalists self-censor in order to survive

Although there has been a decline in free expression violations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, it has not been matched by an improvement in the quality of news gathering, says Journaliste en danger (JED) in its 2009 annual report.

"Free Expression in Daily Life: Between Fear and Survival" was released on 10 December, Human Rights Day. JED says a "psychosis of fear" and mismanaged investigations of attacks on journalists have resulted in self-censorship.

JED documented 75 attacks on free expression in the DRC in 2009, a 30 percent decrease from 2008. The highest number of violations took place in Kinshasa, which has the greatest number of media professionals. But South Kivu province is the most dangerous place with three journalists killed since 2007. At least one journalist has been killed every year in the DRC since 2005.

Free Expression in Daily Life: Between Fear and Survival (French only)
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