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EOHR raises critical analysis for the NGO's draft law made by Muslim Brotherhood

Press release May 14, 2012
EOHR raises critical analysis for the NGO's draft law made by Muslim
Brotherhood
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) has recently
received the NGO's draft law made by the Human Rights' Committee
of the Egyptian People's Assembly, including many restrictions on
the actions of the local and international civil society
organizations, specially funding issues.

Mr. Hafez Abu Seada, the head of EOHR, stated that the draft law
includes many negative aspects:

- The definition of NGO included only handling activities related to
sustainable development and tolerance; nothing is related to human
rights' enhancement or even spreading the human rights' culture.
- The draft law did not mention that the local rules of each NGO must
include allowed ways of dissolving.

- NGOs must have prior permission from the specialized ministry in
order to receive funds provided by local or international individuals
or agencies. According to article no. 12, the executive rules explain
how to obtain the funding permission and the required documents.
- The draft law imposes restrictions on registration of NGOs. NGOs
must submit their local constitutions to the regional federation of
NGOs, formed according to this law.
- The law imposes restrictions on the NGOs activities. NGOs are
allowed to handle social care and society enlightening. NGOs are
banned from handling the human rights' issues, which are based on
the international standards of human rights.

- Article 20 conditioned obtaining permission from the regional
federation and the concerned ministry, if NGOs intend to join
membership of an agency of NGO outside Egypt.
Sanctions:
According to article no. 9, NGOs cand be fined, LE 100.000 or either
dissolved if makes mistake of those mentioned in points 1, 2 and 3[1]

. If the head of NGO made any financial mistake, he can be fined LE
10.000 to 100.000, according to article no. 42, of law no. 84, year
2002.

Controlling NGO's board:

Article no. 27, gives the regional federation the right to monitor
the NGO's board. The head of the regional federation can also call
for general assembly for electing the board members within 60 days and
a board member operates the NGO until having the new board members
selected.
Powers of the regional federation of NGOs:
- The law gives broad powers to the regional federation of NGOs; for
example, the NGOs boards must inform the regional federation about any
change of the board formation, new members or duties, article 48.

Mr. Hafez Abu Seada, the head of EOHR, stated that the only positive
aspect of this law is registration of NGOs by notification of the
administrative body responsible for registration, which means that the
new NGOs will not be in need to prior approval from the administrative
body for registration. The draft law also mentioned that new NGOs
registration cannot be rejected for any reason. He also emphasized
that EOHR, since it was established in 1985, call for registration of
NGOs by notifying the administrative body responsible for
registration; NGOs should be established upon will of the founders.

تنص المادة 9 من القانون على “تعمل
الجمعيات على تحقيق أغراضها في كافة
ميادين الرعاية الاجتماعية ، والتنمية
، وتنوير المجتمع في كافة الجوانب
الثقافية والدينية والعلمية والفكرية
والرياضية والسياسية وحقوق الإنسان وكل
ما يحقق صالح المجتمع.

[1]

Article 9 mentions handling all the activities related to social
care, development, enlightening, religious, cultural, sporting and
political participation.
- Secret activities-NGOs are not allowed, especially those that handle
the following:
1- Forming military troops
2- Racial discrimination and activities related to threatening
national unity

3- Practicing profitable activities aimed at payment of the NGOs
members, but making revenues contribute to achievement of NGOs
activities is acceptable.

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