Human rights and anti-coup activist gunned down in Tegucigalpa
"Tróchez paid with his life for his commitment to human rights, exposing the truth about the abuses resulting from the coup, and defending sexual minorities," Reporters Without Borders said. "Ensuring that his murder is punished will be an early, crucial test for the incoming government, which was elected under questionable circumstances and which says it wants to promote national reconciliation. Reconciliation without justice is meaningless."
An active defender of the rights of gays, lesbians and people with HIV-AIDS, Tróchez, aged 25, was also a critic of President Manuel Zelaya's ouster in June and had been a researcher and spokesman for the Centre for Human Rights Research and Promotion (CIPRODEH) since the coup. He was shot in the chest by a drive-by gunman as he walked along a Tegucigalpa street on the evening of 13 December.
Tróchez was beaten and humiliated because of his homosexuality when arrested during a demonstration outside parliament in Tegucigalpa on 20 July. Kidnapped on 4 December by masked men who threatened to kill him because of his anti-coup activism, he managed to escape. The abduction was reported to the authorities the next day but he was not given any protection.
The serious violations of the right to news and information since the coup, which Reporters Without Borders and six other international press freedom organisations confirmed during a joint visit to Honduras from 1 to 7 November, were not brought to an end by the 29 November elections.
On election day itself, police tried to storm the San Pedro Sula headquarters of regional radio station Radio Uno, equipment was again seized from Radio Globo and the Canal 36 TV station, and Spanish freelance photographer Mario Gazcón Aranda was briefly arrested. On 5 December, gunmen ransacked the headquarters of opposition online newspaper "El Libertador", whose editor, Jhony Lagos, has been threatened many times since the coup.
As a result of the coup and its aftermath, Honduras's ranking in the Reporters Without Borders press freedom index fell from 99th place in 2008 to 128th in 2009. The index covers 175 countries.