String of arrests in Syria; journalist dismissed in Egypt
The repression is not letting up after four months of protests. Reporters Without Borders has registered more than 70 attacks against media personnel since the wave of anti-government demonstrations began in March.
"This figure is indicative of the government's determination to control the media and the danger involved in working as a journalist or simply reporting an item of news," the press freedom organization said.
Reporters Without Borders condemns writer and journalist Mohamed Tahan Jamal's arrest in the northern city of Aleppo on 20 July during a wave of "preventive" arrests by the security forces. A member of the League of Arab Writers and Union of Journalists and contributor to the pro-government daily Tishreen, he is one of 28 Aleppo intellectuals to sign the "Aleppo Appeal for the Nation," a call for political reforms and a peaceful transition that was submitted to the city's governor and posted on Facebook.
Reporters Without Borders has learned that the photographer Khaldun Al-Batal was arrested while covering a peaceful sit-in on 20 July in the old city of Damascus.
With UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon's special adviser for the prevention of genocide, Francis Deng, talking of possible crimes against humanity and the Local Committee for Coordination in Syria referring to several cases of torture, Reporters Without Borders is concerned about the treatment that detained journalists and bloggers are receiving.
Saber Darwish, a journalist who was arrested on 15 March and was released nine days later, has said he was subjected to electric shocks while detained, and was stretched on a metal frame called the "German chair".
At least 10 journalists and bloggers are known to be currently detained in Syria. They include:
• Abd Al-Majid Tamer and Mahmoud Asem Al-Mohamed, two journalists for Kurdish websites, who were arrested on 31 May.
• Iyad Khalil, a member of the League of Syrian Journalists, who was arrested on 2 May.
• Ghassan Saoud, a Lebanese journalist who writes for the Lebanese newspaper Al-Akhbar and the Kuwaiti newspaper Al-Qabas. He was arrested on 6 May.
• Omar Koush, who was arrested at Damascus international airport on 1 May as he returned from a conference in Turkey.
• Anas Al-Ma'arawi, a journalist, blogger and founder of the first Arab website specializing in the Android system, who was arrested in a Damascus suburb on 1 July.
• Manaf Al- Zeitoun, who was arrested on 25 March. There has been no news of him since his arrest.
• Mohamed Nijati Tayara, a writer and member of the Human Rights League, who was arrested at a security checkpoint on 12 March and was initially accused of disseminating false information. A Homs criminal court dropped the charges after the second amnesty of 21 June. His case was then transferred to a Damascus appeal court which has yet to take a decision. His health deteriorated after he began a hunger strike with other detainees in protest against their detention and he has not had access to appropriate treatment. His is allowed to see his wife and lawyer once a week but no one else.
Reporters Without Borders has lost all contact with Lina Senjab, a BBC journalist in Damascus who was arrested twice.
The press freedom organization has learned that Abd Al-Hamid Toufik resigned as Al-Jazeera bureau chief in Damascus after the station was forced to suspend its activities in Syria, and Zeina Yazji resigned as an Al-Arabiya presenter on 11 May following pressure from government supporters.
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Reporters Without Borders regrets that Dina Abd-Al Rahman was fired as a presenter of the Dream TV programme Sabah Dream yesterday following an altercation on the air with a former air force officer, Abd Al-Monem Kato.
Many online commentators and activists have expressed their outrage about her dismissal, describing Dream TV owner Ahmed Bahgat, an ally of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, as a businessman opposed to media freedom on his own TV channel. While there is no evidence that the council had a role in her dismissal, the military has taken direct action against journalists on many occasions in recent months.